New laws for residential tenancies were introduced to start on the 23rd of March 2020 in New South Wales.
The Residential Tenancies Act of 1987 (NSW) changed the ‘if you don’t like it, you can move out’ attitude by landlords, to actually giving tenants the rights they need and deserve to have standard form leases, and to have urgent repairs done, as well as to limit rent increases and fair notice for lease terminations.
New changes to the Residential Tenancies Act 2010 (NSW) (which replaced the 1987 Act) commenced on 23 March 2020. The new laws continue the trend of giving rights to tenants and imposing obligations on landlords and their managing agents. This is a summary of the latest introductions to law:
• These are Seven fit for habitation standards now apply. The premises must:
- Be structurally sound (reasonable state of repair, not subject to significant dampness, be waterproof and not liable to collapse)
- Have adequate natural light or artificial lighting in each room of the premises other than a room that is intended to be used only for the purposes of storage or a garage
- Have adequate ventilation
- Be supplied with electricity or gas and have an adequate number of electricity outlet sockets or gas outlet sockets for the supply of lighting and heating to, and use of appliances in, the premises
- Have adequate plumbing and drainage
- Be connected to a water supply service or infrastructure that supplies water (including, but not limited to, a water bore or water tank) that is able to supply to the premises hot and cold water for drinking and ablution and cleaning activities
- Contain bathroom facilities, including toilet and washing facilities, that allow privacy for the user
• Landlords must check smoke alarms annually, replace batteries annually, and replace smoke alarms every 10 years.
• Landlords must allow tenants to make these minor changes:
securing furniture to a non-tiled wall for safety reasons
fitting a childproof latch, child safety gates, and window safety devices
inserting fly screens on windows
installing or replacing curtains and removable blinds and cord guides on windows
installing hand-held showerheads or lever-style taps to assist the elderly or disabled
installing or replacing hooks, nails or screws for hanging paintings, picture frames
installing phone line or internet connection
planting vegetables, flowers, herbs or shrubs (that don’t grow more than 2 metres)
in the garden if existing vegetation or plants do not need to be removed
installing a wireless removable outdoor security camera
applying a shatter-resistant film to window or glass doors
making modifications that don’t penetrate a surface, or permanently modify a surface, fixture or structure of the property.
Note: tenants must remove the modifications at the end of the tenancy, at their cost.
• Landlords must accept early termination of fixed-term leases. The tenant’s liability is limited to paying a break fee of 4 week’s rent if less than 25% of the agreement has expired; 3 weeks rent if 25% or more but less than 50% of the agreement has expired; 2 weeks rent if 50% or more but less than 75% of the agreement has expired, and 1 week’s
rent if 75% or more of the agreement has expired.
• Landlords must disclose if the house has been used to manufacture or grow illegal drugs within the past 2 years; if it is a strata apartment and rectification or major works are to be carried out; and if there is a fire safety order or application has been made to remove combustible external cladding.
• A new standard form Residential Tenancy Agreement and a new Condition Report.
• Rent increases are limited to once every 12 months. The fit for habitation, smoke alarm and minor changes apply to existing and new tenancies.
The break fee and disclosure requirements apply only to new tenancies.